DIMITRIOS KRIKELIKOS – Victory-Angel a Roman divinity in Early Byzantine coinage

Victory-Angel : the “conversion” of a Roman divinity in Early Byzantine coinage.
Dimitrios Krikelikos (Université d’Aristote de Thessalonique)

After the final victory of Constantine I over Licinius, in 324 A.D., the depiction of the ancient gods on coins came gradually to its final end. Nevertheless, the imagery of some personifications was not completely abandoned, to the extent that it could serve the imperial ideology, in terms of political and religious propaganda. This also holds true of the winged Victory, who was now assigned a new role, one that conformed to the official religion of the Byzantine Empire. Such an appropriation of ancient symbols was rather symptomatic of the formation process of the new imperial ideology and theology, which largely involved the connection of the paganistic past with the Christian doctrine.

Constantine and his immediate successors enhanced the iconography of Victory on coins with Christian attributes, the presence of which, rather discreet at the beginning, was to become much more prominent under the Theodosian dynasty. To the eyes of the viewer of the Early Byzantine period, this new Christianized iconography of Victory relayed the bond between the state and the new religion and conveyed the new role of the figure, which was to allude to the predominance of Jesus Christ over paganism and – from an eschatological point of view – over death. The dissemination of such messages among the masses was effectively promoted by the wide circulation of coins and gradually led to the transformation of the airy, female Roman Victoria into a less delicate, sexless Byzantine Angel.

STAVROS ZACHARIADIS – Fine ware form the glassworks building

Fine ware from the Glassworks building in the Early Christian city of Philippoi.
Stavros Zachariadis (Université d’Aristote de Thessalonique)

In the early christian city of Philippoi, to the southeast of its excavated part the Glassworks building provide us with sufficient evidence for constant use from the 3rd to the 7th century a.d. This particular building, that was occupying an entire city block, had originally a public character. During the 5th century it is converted into a workshop area connected with glass production. After a while a small bath complex is founded to the northern part of the building.

The fine ware consists of vessels imported from major production centers on the eastern Aegean coast, the North African coast, in the region of Tunisia and Algeria, and also in the Balkans, along with a series of imitations of these products. The study of the pottery emphasizes, along with typology, in matters of clay composition and technical details in order to clarify the vessels provenance and discriminate imported ware from imitations.

The systematic study of this pottery assemblage contributes to the dating of the archaeological context. Imported ware indicates the consistent interaction of the city with important centers on the Mediterranean coast, so as providing us with crucial information about trade routes in northern Greece, where only a few pottery assemblages are properly published.

GIOVANNI GASBARRI — In search of Byzantium

In Search of Byzantium. Studies of Byzantine Art in Rome at the Beginning of 20th Century.
Giovanni Gasbarri (Université de la Sapienza de Rome)

This contribution is part of a Ph.D project in Art History started in 2010 at the “Sapienza” University of Rome. The research intends to highlight some crucial events which led the Byzantine Art History to become an independent discipline in Rome and in Italy on the turn of the 20th century. In those years, following the development of studies on this subject in the rest of Europe (first in Russia, then in France, England and Germany), Italy also gave its own contribution in evaluating Byzantium’s cultural role in the definition of European medieval art. Having newly become a capital, Rome hosted many collectors and scholars from abroad; their researches were encouraged by the most important foreign research Institutes such as the Ecole Française or the British School at Rome. In January 1901, the discovery of the Santa Maria Antiqua’s frescoes in the Roman Forum marked a turning point in the development of Byzantine studies, focusing the attention of an increasingly number of scholars in Eastern Christian arts. Furthermore, some later important cultural events certainly contributed to broaden that interest: the exhibition of Byzantine Art Works at Grottaferrata in 1905 (with a catalogue edited by Antonio Muñoz), and the 10th International Congress of Art History (1912), when many experts had the opportunity to present speeches dedicated to the arts and culture of Byzantium.

In this context, many famous scholars are remembered for their important writings on Early Christian and Byzantine art (Adolfo Venturi, Corrado Ricci, Antonio Muñoz, Pietro Toesca, Ugo Monneret de Villard, and others). The author of the first scientific monograph on the frescoes in Santa Maria Antiqua (1911), however, was one of the less famous personalities, baron Wladimir de Grüneisen. This contribution, therefore, also intends to offer a first overview on this important – but often neglected – scholar, trying to better define his profile within the Roman and European cultural context.

Rencontres annuelles des doctorants en études byzantines 2010

Pour la troisième année consécutive les Rencontres annuelles des doctorants en études byzantines ont pour but de réunir tous les étudiants de troisième cycle travaillant sur la civilisation byzantine, quel que soit leur domaine de spécialisation (histoire, histoire de l’art, archéologie, philologie, etc.) ainsi que de valoriser les études byzantines auprès d’étudiants venus de disciplines différentes (Moyen Âge occidental, monde islamique, peuples des steppes…).

Grâce au soutien de l’Institut National d’Histoire de l’Art, de l’Université Paris 1 – Panthéon-Sorbonne, de l’École Pratique des Hautes Études et du Centre d’Histoire et de Civilisation de Byzance, les deux précédentes éditions des Rencontres ont réussi à rassembler des doctorants français et étrangers qui ont pu échanger et aborder d’un point de vue différent leurs recherches.

Ces Rencontres ont également porté leurs fruits sur le plan méthodologique : échanges croisés autour des expériences de chacun, conseils de doctorants plus expérimentés auprès de doctorants de première année ou même d’étudiants de Master, le tout dans un contexte pluridisciplinaire enrichissant. Cet engouement se traduira notamment par la création d’une association.

Ainsi, les prochaines Rencontres annuelles des doctorants en études byzantines se tiendront au mois d’octobre 2010 dans ce prestigieux lieu qu’est l’Institut National d’Histoire de l’Art à Paris. Aucune thématique n’est imposée aux intervenants, traduisant la volonté d’avoir un plus grand panel de thèmes touchant au monde byzantin. Chaque doctorant souhaitant s’exprimer présentera pendant une vingtaine de minutes son projet de thèse ou bien un thème particulier lié à ses recherches actuelles, le but étant de mettre en place une discussion méthodologique et interdisciplinaire entre les doctorants.


Comité d’organisation :

Julien Auber de Lapierre, École Pratique des Hautes Études

Estelle Cronnier, Université Paris 1 – Panthéon-Sorbonne

Anaïs Lamesa, École Pratique des Hautes Études

Contact :

Affiche des Rencontres 2010
– Programme des Rencontres 2010

Programme des Rencontres 2010

15-16 octobre 2010

Institut National d’Histoire de l’Art (Paris)


Vendredi 15 octobre (salle W. Benjamin, Rez-de-chaussée)

9h30. Accueil

10h00. Giovanni Gasbarri (Université de Rome – La Sapienza) Résumé
In Search of Byzantium. Studies of Byzantine Art in Rome at the Beginning of the 20th Century.

10h30. Stavros Zachariadis (Université Aristote de Thessalonique) — Résumé
Fine Ware from the Glassworks Building in the Early Christian City of Philippoi.

11h00. Dimitrios Krikelikos (Université Aristote de Thessalonique) — Résumé
Victory-Angel : The ‘Conversion’ of a Roman Divinity in Early Byzantine Coinage.

11h30. Pause

12h00. F. Javier Fuertes (Université de Cantabria) — Résumé
Symeon the Fool : Gifts, Demons and other Particularities of an apparently Strange Monk.

12h30. Zissis D. Ainalis (Université Paris I Panthéon – Sorbonne) — Résumé
Les Vies des saintes prostituées.

13h00. Déjeuner

14h30. Jelena Andelković (Université de Belgrade) — Résumé 
The Image of Woman in the Visual Culture of Early Byzantium in the Region of the Central Balkans.

15h00. Alexandra Vukovich (E.H.E.SS / Cambridge) — Résumé
L’iconographie de l’Hippodrome byzantin à Sainte-Sophie de Kiev et sa fonction dans les cérémonies de cour.

15h30. Caterina Franchi (Université d’Oxford) — Résumé
Ne te connaîtras-tu jamais toi-même, et ne comprendras-tu pas enfin que tu es mort ?

16h00. Pause

16h30. Georgia Kolovou (Université Paris IV – Sorbonne) — Résumé
L’enseignement de l’Iliade par Eustathe de Thessalonique.

17h00. Anna Ulyanova (Université de Moscou)
Notions of ‘Autonomy’ and ‘Autocephaly’ in the Twelfth Century Byzantium.

17h30. Assemblée générale de l’Association des étudiants du Monde Byzantin


Samedi 16 octobre (Salle F. de Pereisc, rez-de-chaussée)

9h30. Accueil

10h00. Giovanni Stranieri (Université Lumière Lyon 2) — Résumé
Les apports récents de l’archéologie de l’habitat rural et des paysages agraires à l’histoire du Haut Moyen Âge dans les Pouilles.

10h30. Alexander Riehle (Université Ludwig-Maximilian de Munich) — Résumé
Literature, Society and Politics in the Early Palaiologan Period. The Letters of Nikephoros Choumnos.

11h00. Divna Manolova (Université de Budapest) — Résumé
Tales of Friendship : Nikephoros Gregoras and Maximos, Hegoumenos of the Chortaites Monastery.

11h30. Pause

12h00. Leonela Fundić (Université Aristote de Thessalonique)
Pictorial Art in the Principality of Epirus in the 13th Century and its Place in the Byzantine Artistic Production of the Period.

12h30. Marka Tomić Durić (Université de Belgrade) — Résumé
The Monastery of Marko near Skoplje : The Research of the Influence of Liturgical Poetry on the Iconographic Program.

13h00. Déjeuner

14h30. Nikolaos Trivyzadakis (Université Aristote de Thessalonique) — Résumé
Recherches sur le phénomène du classicisme en Orient et en Occident entre le XIIIe et le XVes.

15h00. Jasmina S. Cirić (Université de Belgrade) — Résumé
‘Fleur de lis’ : heraldic device in Late Byzantine Architecture.

15h30. Pause

16h00. Marie Guérin (Université Paris IV – Sorbonne) — Résumé
Marguerite de Savoie et Renaud de Forez : mémoire de la principauté de Morée en Occident au XIVes.

16h30. Christos Malatras (Université de Birmingham) — Résumé
Social Relations and Economic Situation in Constantinople during the Siege of Bayezid I (1394-1402).

17h00. Carlo Virgilio (Université de Birmingham) — Résumé
The Privileges granted by John VIII to Florence in 1439.

17h30. Bilan des Rencontres.

– Programme des Rencontres 2010